Saturday, October 09, 2010

To Wash or Not To Wash

 OK, I admit. I NEVER prewash fabrics - Except ... Ok, there are always exceptions, but for the most part - NO, I don't wash them. Now, for those exceptions.  
  • Scraps and fabrics from unknown origins
  • Cheap Fabric (i.e. from Wally World)
  • Recycled fabrics from clothing
  • Smelly fabrics
 You have probably read lots of articles that say not to wash your quilt in a washing machine - to lay it in a bathtub and soak it. Right, ain't gonna happen with my back. But, there is a TRICK to washing scraps, ANY sized yardage or a quilt in the washing machine.
It's easy to eliminate nearly all of the strings on yardage. Just clip off a little triangular section from each corner of fabrics before you wash them. Try about 1/2" or a little less. You'll still see a bit of fraying, but not enough to create bunches of knots. 
DO NOT AGITATE... DO NOT AGITATE... DO NOT AGITATE 
Fill the tub-style washing machine with lukewarm water and a tiny bit of detergent* (2 Tablespoons for a full machine).
  
Load the machine with scraps and/or yardage

KEEP THE MACHINE LID OPEN, to keep it from **accidentally** agitating.

With your hand, or a large spoon, swish the fabrics around in the tub.

Some dyes do not release right away; so try to leave fabrics in the water for at least 20 minutes.   Continue swishing the fabric periodically for the 20 minutes.

Drain/spin.
Refill tub... and KEEP THE MACHINE LID OPEN.
Swish with your hand.
Drain/spin.
No fabric ropes; no fraying.
DO NOT AGITATE... DO NOT AGITATE... DO NOT AGITATE

*Use a very gentle soap like Orvus Soap. Orvus Soap contains so phosphates or chemicals that can damage your quilt. You can find Orvus Soap at your local quilt shop.

Drying the Fabric
I'm sure everyone has thrown raw edge fabric in the dryer and ended up with lots of knots and twisted fabrics. What a mess.

You might try laying the fabric on one of those folding racks - or even outside on the clothesline. (Many days in Houston, I must admit that it might take days to dry with all the humidity!). You can dry smaller scraps by ironing them (turn the steam off).

What I have noticed is that the tighter the weave of the fabric, the better they turn out in the dryer. Homespuns are a very loose weave (compared to batiks) and you can pretty much bet that those are going to shrink up in the dryer.

One time, after I completed arranging inherited squares into 25-patches in an intentional and complicated color-pattern on my design wall, I realized that the pre-cut 2-1/2-inch squares had not been washed; lots of bleeders; darks, reds, turquoises.

I had been making a T-shirt quilt, so I took the plain backs of the T-shirts that would have been thrown away, and transferred the 25-patch blocks to the T-shirt fabric, and pinned them on with basting/safety pins.

I ran these through a **DO NOT AGITATE** wash cycle (see above), and they all came out perfectly... and in their original order.

If you have lots of fat quarters or yardage in the SAME COLOR FAMILIES, safety-pin 3 or 4 fat quarters together in the corners. Wash them as a unit. Really cuts down on the wrinkles and twisting.

For larger cuts of fabric, pin the folded fabric in the corners and along the sides. I've pinned as many as eight layers... It can be difficult to pin through, but don't skimp on the safety pins. The more yardage... the larger the folded-over pieces need to be... maybe as large as a beach towel or bath sheet.

Only pin the eight EDGES to keep the fabric from bunching and wrinkling; the center will remain unpinned so that the water can still freely pass through the fabric to remove dyes and chemicals. Fewer layers are preferred, but 8-yard cuts will require more layers.

The pinning requires more TIME... but they do well in the washer AND dryer. When you un-pin the fabric, just smooth it out by hand, and fold; you just don't get the wrinkles like when opening up the fabric completely. 

Pin smaller scraps together. With their combined weight, they will be less likely to get sucked into the washer drain or the dryer screen like individual small pieces could.

Try washing King-size bed sheets by pinning them into quarters; it keeps them from balling up in the dryer.

3 comments:

Linda Teddlie Minton said...

Betty, these are great tips! Thanks for the reminders and the new ideas.

desertskyquilts said...

Some great tips there. I only pre-wash if the little scrap I take off the corner shows color in a jar of warm water after a few minutes. Usually those are navy blue, red or purple. Fewer and fewer fabrics need pre-washing, I find.

Putting scraps in the leg of a stocking and knotting the top lightly keeps them from going all over the place, too.

willam said...

Washing Machine makes washing of clothes easier and also it agitate the clothes that can not be done with hands.